PEMETAAN DAERAH RAWAN LONGSOR DI KECAMATAN PUJON MENGGUNAKAN METODE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP

Bramantia Setiawan, S Sudarto, Aditya Nugraha Putra

Abstract


Pujon is one area in East Java province, which often landslides. Relief hilly to mountainous with steep slope to steep and high rainfall intensity causes landslides. Given the magnitude of the threat of landslides, it is necessary to study the estimation of landslide area by utilizing the limited data, especially the area around the transport path. Information about potential landslide hazard map is indeed very good, but often encountered problems in preparation for recording at least a landslide. This problem can be solved by a method called Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). This method can be used when there is limited quantitative data. The research was conducted in the Kalikonto watershed, Malang, East Java Province. The results showed that Pujon can be grouped into four classes of landslide susceptibility, namely: not vulnerable, somewhat vulnerable, vulnerable and very vulnerable. The area is not vulnerable area of 9,770 ha, or 64.05% of the total area, somewhat vulnerable area of 4.9001 ha or 30.82%, vulnerable of 768 ha or 5.03% and the area is very vulnerable of 14.85 ha or 0.1 %. The factors that most influence susceptibility to landslides in Pujon is a slope with a score of 45% weight of all parameters. However, the assessment of AHP in Pujon not fully applicable. Estimation of the potential hazard of landslides manually generate distribution maps of landslides are quite accurate, but the use of expert choice could not be applied. 


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