PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN BERBAGAI DOSIS ZAT PENGATUR TUMBUH NAA (NAPHTALENE ACETIC ACID) PADA PUPUK DAUN TERHADAP SIFAT KIMIA TANAH, PERTUMBUHAN, DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN CABAI BESAR (Capsicum annum L.)

Futihatu Rizkiani Azizah, Syahrul Kurniawan

Abstract


The increase of great chilli concumption may increase great chilli cultivation area in degraded land. To reach high crop production, foliar fertilizer enriched by hormone can be used to improve soil fertility, plant growth and production in great chilli cultivation. This study aimed to determine the effect of addition NAA on soil properties, growth, leaf nutrient content and yield on great chilli. This research took place in Agro Techo Park, Jatikerto Village, Kromengan District, Malang Regency. The study was designed by using a factorial randomized block design with 2 factors that consisted of NAA doses (P1: 0; P2: 75% NAA; P3: 100% NAA; and P4: 125% NAA) and interval application (I1: 14 days and I2: 18 days); each combination treatment was repeated three times. The result showed that difference doses of NAA on foliar fertilizer gave impact on plant growth (i.e height, number of leaf, number of flower per plant, number of fruit per plant) and crop yield of great chilli. Various doses NAA on foliar fertilizer had affected to soil chemical properties (i.e pH, Organic-C, total

Keywords


foliar fertilizer; NAA; great chilli; soil chemical properties

Full Text:

PDF

References


bahan organik, dolomit, dan kcl pada tanaman kacang tanah (Arachis hyphogea L.) pada oxic dystrudept di Jumapolo, Karanganyar. Jurnal Habitat 12 (3), 170-177.

Baloch, Q., Chachar, Q.I. and Tareen, M.N. 2008. Effect of foliar application of macro and micro nutrients on production of green chilies (Capsicum annuum L..). Journal of Agricultural Technology 4 (2), 177-184.

Budi, S., dan Sari, S 2015. Ilmu dan Implementasi Kesuburan Tanah. UMM Press, Malang.

Hanafiah, K.A. 2005. Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Tanah. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Hardjowigeno, S. 2015. Ilmu Tanah. Akademi Presindo, Jakarta.

Hastuti, F. 2009. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Pupuk Daun terhadap Pertumbuhan vegetative Tabulampot Buah Naga (Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britt. Et R). Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Ifansyah, H. 2013. soil and pH solubility of allumunium, iron, and phosporous in ultisols: the roles of humic acid. Journal of Tropical Soils 18 (3), 203-208.

Lingga, P. dan Marsono. 2008. Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk. Seri Agrotek. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Novrizan. 2005. Petunjuk Pemupukan Efektif. Agromedia Pustaka, Jakarta.

Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian. 2016. Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Sub Sektor Hortikultura: Cabai Merah. Sekretariat Jenderal Kementrian Pertanian, Jakarta.

Sari, M.N., Sudarsono, dan Darmawan. 2017. Pengaruh bahan organik terhadap ketersediaan fosfor pada tanah-tanah kaya Al dan Fe. Buletin Tanah dan Lahan 1 (1), 65-71.

Satriowibowo, E.A., Nawawi, M. dan Koesriharti. 2014. Pengaruh waktu aplikasi dan konsentrasi NAA (Napthalene Acetic Acid) pada pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman cabai besar (Capsicum annuum L..) varietas jet set. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman 2 (4), 282-291.

Singh, D.K., Rudra, B.C., Das, B. and. Gangopadhyay, P.K. 2015. Effect of naphtalene acetic acid on yield of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Agricultre Technology 2 (1-2), 84-86.

Subuwo, J.S., dan Sudjadi, M. 1990. Pengaruh Bahan Organik terhadap Pencucian Tanah Ultisol Rangkasbitung, Jawa Barat. Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanah dan Pupuk. Bogor, 1990, pp 26-31.

Supriyanti, A. 2013. Perakitan dan Seleksi Tanaman Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) Tahan CMV (Cucumber Mozaik Virus). Budidaya Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Sutedjo, M. 2002. Pupuk dan Cara Pemupukan. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jtsl.2019.006.2.11

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.