STUDI KETERSEDIAAN N-TANAH DI SENTRA TANAMAN BAWANG PUTIH (Allium sativum L.), KECAMATAN PUJON, MALANG, JAWA TIMUR

Ketriwani Panggabean, S Soemarno

Abstract


Pujon District is one of garlic centers for increasing garlic production in Malang. One of the causes of low garlic production is the low soil fertility. The status of soil fertility in garlic areas is influenced by availability of soil N. This study was conducted in Pujon District, Malang. The observation points were spread over five villages of garlic centers, i.e. Pandesari, Pujon Lor, Sukomulyo, Bendosari, and Madiredo. Correlation analysis was conducted for data of soil chemical and physical properties obtained from laboratory analysis. The garlic production was used as a dependent variable, while the soil N-total, C-organic, pH (H2O), pH (KCl), bulk density, and soil porosity, were used as the independent variables. Results showed that status of soil N the garlic center of Pujon District was in the low to medium category. Content of N in the topsoil (0-30cm) of the five land mapping units was medium, while that in the subsoil (30-60cm) of the five land mapping units ranged from low to medium. The large or small N content in the soil did not significantly correlated to organic C, pH (H2O and KCl), bulk density and soil porosity. There was a significant correlation between garlic production and the C/N ratio. However, the significant correlation was only found in the lower layer (30-60cm) with the r=0.82**.


Keywords


garli;; soil nitrogen availability; soil properties

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acharya, S. and Kumar, H. 2018. Effect of some organic manure on growth and yield of garlic in greenhouse condition at cold desert high altitude Ladakh Region. Defence Life Science Journal 3(2): 100-104.

Adem, B.E. and Tadesse, S.T. 2014. Evaluating the role of nitrogen and phosphorous on the growth performance of garlic (Allium sativum L.). Asian Journal of Agricultural Research 8: 211–217.

Al-Batania, B.B., Young, T.M. and Ranieri, E. 2016. Effects of compost age on the release of nutrients. International Journal of Soil and Water Conservation Research 4: 230-236.

Anand,M., A. Sankari and B. Anita. 2017. Influence of Integrated Nutrient Management for Garlic under Nilgiris Condition. Intetrnatonal Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(12): 3833-3838.

Assefa, A.G., Misgina, S.H. and Abrha, Y.W. 2015. Effect of inorganic and organic fertilizers on the growth and yield of garlic crop (Allium sativum L.) in northern Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Science 7(4): 80-86.

Badan Pusat Statistik dan Direktorat Jendral Hortikultura. 2015. Produksi Bawang Merah Menurut Provinsi Tahun 2009-2013. Kementrian Pertanian Republik Indonesia.

Bailey, V.L., Fansler, S.J., Stegen, J.C., McCue, L.A. 2013. Linking microbial community structure to beta-glucosidic function in soil aggregates. ISME J 7: 2044–2053.

Bertoni, G., Morard, P., Soubieille, C. and Llorens, J.M. 1992. Growth and nitrogen nutrition of garlic (Allium sativum L.) during bulb development. Scientia Horticulturae 50: 187-195.

Blaud, A., Chevallier, T., Virto, I., Pablo, A.-L., Chenu, C. and Brauman, A. 2014. Bacterial community structure in soil microaggregates and on particulate organic matter fractions located outside or inside soil macroaggregates. Pedobiologia 57: 191–194

Bo, L., Zhang, Y., Y.Li, Luo, J., Sun, M., Zhon, Z. and .Jing, Y. 2016. Effects of nitrogen management on garlic yield, economic benefit and soil apparent nutrient balance. Journal of Advances in Agriculture 6(1): 883-887.

Bordoloi, L.J., A. Singh, M.Kumar, Patiram and S.Hazarika. 2013. Evaluation of nitrogen availability indices and their relationship with plant response on acidic soils of India. Plant Soil and Environment, 59(6):235-240.

Chen, Z., Wang, H., Liu, X., Liu, Y., Gao, S. and Zhou, J. 2016. The effect of N fertilizer placement on the fate of urea-15N and yield of winter wheat in Southeast China. PLoS ONE, 11(4): e0153701.

D’haene, K., Vandenbruwane, J., De Neve, S., Gabriels, D., Salomez, J. and Hofman, G. 2008. The effect of reduced tillage on nitrogen dynamics in silt loam soils. European Journal of Agronomy 28: 449-460.

Diriba-Shiferaw, G., Nigussie-Dechassa, R., Woldetsadik, K., Tabor, G. and Sharma, J.J. 2015. Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulphur fertilizers on growth, yield, and economic returns of garlic (Allium sativum L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research 4(2), 10- 22.

Djaenudin, D., Marwan, H., Subagjo, H. dan Hidayat, A. 2011. Petunjuk Teknis Evaluasi Lahan Untuk Komoditas Pertanian. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Badan Litbang Pertanian, Bogor.

Hardjowigeno, S. 2003. Ilmu Tanah. Jakarta ID) : Akademika Pressindo.

Harinta, Y.W. dan Basuki, J.S. 2018. Potensi pengembangan bawang putih sebagai komoditas unggulan di Kabupaten Karanganyar. Agrisaintifika 2(2): 123-130.

Hariwibowo, P.A., Anindita, R. dan Suhartini. 2014. Permintaan bawang putih di Indonesia. Habitat, XXV(2): 78-85.

Hernández, M.I.G., Del Pozo, A., Gallet, M. and Vidal I. 2000. Nitrogen uptake and use efficiency in garlic estimated by 15N-labelling method. Conference Paper : Proceeding of the Third International Symposium on Edible Alliaceae, At Athens, Georgia, USA, Volume: 81-85.

Hillel, D. 1980. Fundamental of Soil Physics. Academic Press Inc. London.

Kuldeep, S., Patel, N.M., Bhadhauria, H.S. and Wankhade, V.R. 2012. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of garlic (Allium sativum L.). Advance Research Journal of Crop Improvement 3(2): 164-166.

Mariano, E., de Sant Ana-Filho, C.R., Bortoletto-Santos, R., Bendassolli, J.A. and Trivelin, P.C.O. 2019. Ammonia losses following surface application of enhanced-efficiency nitrogen fertilizers and urea. Atmospheric Environment 203: 242-251.

Mehran, E., Kesumawati dan Sufardi. 2016. Pertumbuhan dan hasil beberapa varietas bawang merah (Allium ascalonicum L) pada tanah aluvial akibat pemberian berbagai dosis pupuk NPK. Jurnal Floratek 11(2): 117-133 .

Nackley, L.L., Jeong, J.H., Oki, L.R. and Kim, S.-H. 2016. Photosynthetic acclimation, biomass allocation, and water use efficiency of garlic in response to carbon dioxide enrichment and nitrogen fertilization. Journal of the American Society for Horticulture Science 141(4): 373-380.

Noviardi H. 2008. Laju Mineralisasi N-NH4 dan N-NO3 Tanah Andisol pada Pertanian Organik dan Konvensional yang ditanami kentang. ITB. Bandung.

Sanchez, P.A. 1992. Sifat dan Pengelolaan Tanah Tropika, jilid 2/ Pedro A Sanchez: Terjemahan Amir Hamzah. Bandung: Penerbit ITB.

Sarwadana, S.M. dan Gunadi, I.G.A 2007. Potensi pengembangan bawang putih (Allium sativum L.) dataran rendah varietas lokal Sanur. Agritrop 26(1): 19–23.

Sebnie, W., Mengesha, M., Girmay, G. and Feyisa, T. 2018. Response of garlic (Allium sativum L.) to nitrogen and phosphorus under irrigation in Lasta district of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Cogent Food & Agriculture 4: 1-8.

Shafeek, M.R., Ali, A.H., Mahmoud, A.R., Hafez, M.M. and. Rizk, F.A. 2015. Improving growth and productivity of garlic plants (Allium sativum L.) as affected by the addition of organic manure and humic acid levels in sandy soil conditions. Internatonal Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 4(9): 644-656

Soewandita, H. 2008. Studi kesuburan tanah dan analisis kesesuaian lahan untuk komoditas tanaman perkebunan di Kabupaten Bengkalis. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Indonesia 10 (2) : 128-133

Sugiyono. 2003. Metode Penelitian Bisnis. Cetakan Kelima. Bandung: CV. Alfabeta

Sumiati, E dan Gunawan, O 2007, Aplikasi pupuk hayati mikoriza untuk meningkatkan efisiensi serapan unsur hara NPK serta pengaruhnya terhadap hasil dan kualitas umbi bawang putih, Jurnal Hortikultura 17(1): 34-42.

Tenaya, I.M.N. 2001. Karakteristik pertumbuhan tanaman bawang putih pada berbagai kerapatan populasi. Jurnal Agritrop 20(1) : 10-15.

Wang, H. and Zhou J. 2013. Root-zone fertilization-A key and necessary approach to improve fertilizer use efficiency and reduce non-point source pollution from the cropland. Soils 05:785–790

Wisardja, I.P., Lana, W. dan Rusdianta, I.G. 2017. Pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman bawang putih (Allium sativum L.) varietas Lumbu Putih akibat penggunaan dosis pupuk organik dan kerapatan tanaman. Majalah Ilmiah Untab 14(2): 209-215.

Zaki, H.E.M., Toney, H.S. and Abd Elraouf, R.M. 2014. Response of two garlic cultivars (Allium sativum L.) to inorganic and organic fertilization. Nature and Science 12(10): 52 -60.

Zaman, M.S., Hashem, M.A., Jahiruddin, M. and Rahim, M.A. 2011. Effect of nitrogen for yield maximization of garlic in old Brahmaputra Flood Plain soil. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture Research 36(2): 357-367.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jtsl.2019.006.2.22

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.