• Retno Suntari Jurusan Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universtas Brawijaya, Malang
  • Muhammad Abdi Guna Wiyahya



availability and uptake of Ca Mg S, Crotalaria juncea compost, Entisol, legumes


Entisol is a type of soil at the initial development stage and has a texture dominated by sand fraction. This causes a decrease in soil quality and can reduce crop production. This compost of leguminase plants can play a role in improving soil chemical properties. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of Crotalaria juncea L. compost application on the availability of secondary macro nutrients Ca, Mg, and S, and uptake of Ca, Mg, and S by sweet corn plant in Entisol, Wajak. Treatments tested were C0 (Urea 100%), C1 (Compost Crotalaria juncea L. 100% + Urea 75%), C2 (Compost Crotalaria juncea L. 100% + Urea 75%), C3 (Compost Crotalaria juncea L. 100%), C4 (Compost Crotalaria juncea L. 200%). The five treatments were arranged in a completely randomized design with three replications. The results showed that the application of Crotalaria juncea L. compost (20 t ha-1) significantly increased the availability of Ca, Mg and S on 12 weeks by 41.6%, 96.71% and 133.78%, respectively. The application of Crotalaria juncea L. compost (20 t ha-1) did not significantly increase uptake of Ca, Mg and S.


Abdallah, M., Dubousset, L., Meuriot, F., Etienne, P., Avice, J.C. and Ourry, A. 2010. Effect of mineral sulphur availability on nitrogen and sulphur uptake and remobilization during the vegetative growth of Brassica napus L. Journal of Experimental Botany 61(10): 2635-2646.

Ahn, P.M. 1993. Tropical Soils and Fertilizer Use. Scientific and Technical. UK : London. p 263.

Arifin, Z. 2011. Analisis nilai indeks kualitas tanah Entisol pada penggunaan lahan yang berbeda. Agroteksos 21 (1): 47–51.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2018. Produksi Padi dan Palawija. Diakses pada tanggal 30 April 2019.

Bao, L., Shu Tian, L. and Zhou, W. 2001. Dynamics of soil organic sulfur mineralization and affecting factors. Acta Pedologica Sinica 38: 184–192.

Daimon, H. 2006. Traits of the genus Crotalaria used as green manure legume on sustainable cropping systems. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly 40 (4): 299-305.

Datnoff, L., Snyder, R.N.R. and Jones, D.B. 1990. Evaluation of calcium silicate slag and nitrogen on brown spot, neck rot, and sheath blight development on rice, 1988. Biological and Cultural Tests for Control of Plant Diseases 5:65-74.

Dierolf, T.S., Fairhurst, T.H. and Mutert, E.W. 2001. Soil Fertility Kit: a Tool Kit for Acid, Upland Soil Fertility Management in Southeast Asia. Potash and Phosphate Institute of Canada, Potash and Phosphate Institute. Food and Agriculture Organisation and Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit.

Durenkamp, M. and de Kok, L.J. 2004. Impact of pedospheric and atmospheric sulphur nutrition on sulphur metabolism of Allium cepa L., a species with a potential sink capacity for secondary sulphur compounds. Journal of Experimental Botany 55: 1821–1830.

Hanafiah, K.A. 2012. Dasar-dasar Ilmu Tanah. Rajawali Pers. Jakarta. p 386.

Handley, R. and Overstreet, R. 1961. Uptake of calcium and chlorine in roots of Zea mays. Plant Physiology 36: 766-774.

Hardjowigeno, S. 1995. Klasifikasi Tanah dan Pedogenesis. Akademika Pressindo. Jakarta. p 353.

Heijden G.V.D., Legout, A., Nicolas, M., Ulrich, E., Johnson, D.W. and Dambrine, E. 2011. Long-term sustainability of forest ecosystems on sandstone in the Vosges Mountains (France) facing atmospheric deposition and silvicultural change. Forest Ecology and Management 261:730-738.

Kasim, F. 2007. Analisis Varians dan Heritabilitas Ketahanan Galur Jagung Rekombinan terhadap Penyakit Bulai. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. pp. 31-35.

Leggett, J.E. and Gilbert, W.A. 1967. Localization of the Ca-mediated apparent ion selectivity in the cross-sectional volume of soybean roots. Plant Physiology 42: 1658-1664.

Lemanowicz, J. and Siwik-Ziomek, A. 2010. Concentrations of available phosphorus and sulphur and activities of some hydrolytic enzymes in a luvisoil fertilized with farmyard manure and nitrogen. Polish Journal of Soil Science 43(1): 37-47.

Lemanowicz, J., Siwik-Ziomek, A. and Koper, K. 2013. Effects of Farmyard Manure and Nitrogen Fertilizers on Mobility of Phosphorus and Sulphur in Wheat and Activity of Selected Hydrolases in Soil. Department of Soil Science Protection. University of Technology and Life Sciences. Bydgoszcz. Poland.

Marschner, P., Kandeler, K. and Marschner, B. 2003. Structure and function of the soil microbial community in a long-term fertilizer experiment. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35: 453-461.

Martinez-Meza, E. and Whitford, W.G. 1996. Stemflow throughfall and channelization of stemflow by roots in three Chinhuahuan desert shrubs. Journal of Arid Environments 32: 271-287.

Mass, E.V. 1968. Calcium Uptake by Excised Maize Root and Interactions with Alkali Cations. USDA. Maryland.

Mathot, M.L. and Thélier-Huché, R.L. 2009. Sulphur and nitrogen content as sulphur deficiency indicator for grasses. European Journal of Agronomy 30: 172–176.

Metzner, R.T., Breuer, M.R., Blumler, U., Schurr, P., Schneider, H.U. and Schroeder, W.H. 2010. Contrasting dynamics of water and mineral nutrients in stems shown by stable isotope tracers and cryo-SIMS. Plant Cell and Environment 33:13-14.

Noviastuti, E.T. 2006. Pengaruh jarak tanam dan jumlah tanaman per lubang tanam pada pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman orok-orok (Crotalaria juncea L.). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman 12 (1): 64-75.

Puslitbangtanak. 2006. Atlas Sumber Daya Tanah Eksplorasi Indonesia Skala 1:1.000.000. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanah dan Agroklimat, Bogor.

Saviozzi, A., Cardelli, R., Cipolli, S., Levi-Minzi, R. and Riffaldi, R. 2005. Sulphur mineralization kinetics of cattle manure and green waste compost in soils. Waste Management & Research 24: 545–551.

Sumarni, T. 2014. Upaya Optimalisasi Kesuburan Tanah melalui Pupuk Hijau Orok-Orok (Crotalaria juncea) pada Pertanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal. Palembang. pp 368 – 372.

Sutejo, M.M. 2002. Pupuk dan Cara Penggunaan. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.

Syekhfani. 1997. Hara-Air-Tanah-Tanaman. Jurusan Tanah. FP. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang. pp 114.




How to Cite

Suntari, R., & Wiyahya, M. A. G. (2020). PENGARUH APLIKASI KOMPOS Crotalaria juncea L. TERHADAP KETERSEDIAAN DAN SERAPAN CA, Mg, S OLEH JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) DI ENTISOL WAJAK, MALANG. Jurnal Tanah Dan Sumberdaya Lahan, 7(2), 201–208.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>