PENGARUH BERBAGAI JENIS KAPUR DALAM APLIKASI PENGAPURAN UNTUK MEMPERBAIKI SIFAT KIMIA ULTISOL
Keywords:acidic soil, chemical properties, lime, Ultisol
Liming increases soil fertility through improved soil conditions in acidic soils (Ultisols). This study aimed to determine the effect of limes [CaO; Ca(OH)2; CaCO3 and CaMg(CO3)2 ] on the chemical properties of Ultisols of Limau Manis Padang. Treatments tested in this study application of four types of lime, i.e. A = CaO; B = Ca(OH)2; C = CaCO3; dan D = CaMg(CO3)2. on an Ultisol. A control treatment with no application of lime was also included in this study. After incubation of the soil-lime mixtures for two weeks, the results of the study showed that liming using dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2] was more effective in improving the chemical properties of Ultisols, compared to other types of lime [CaO; Ca(OH)2; CaCO3]. The effect of dolomite on 1*exchangeable Al (1 me Ca 100 g-1) improved chemical properties of an Ultisol from Limau Manis Padang such as pH H2O by 0.35 unit, available P by 1.03 ppm, exchangeable Al by 0.91 cmolc kg-1; exchangeable H by 0.92 cmolc kg-1; CEC by10.49 cmolc kg-1; exchangeable K by 0.03 cmolc kg-1; exchangeable Ca by 0.44 cmolc kg-1 and exchangeable Mg by 1.34 cmol ckg-1, compared to control.
Alibasyah, M.R. 2016. Perubahan beberapa sifat fisika dan kimia ultisol akibat pemberian pupuk kompos dan kapur dolomit pada lahan berteras. Jurnal Floratek 11(1): 75â€“87.
Balai Penelitian Tanah. 2012. Analisis Kimia Tanah, Air, Tanaman dan Pupuk. Balai Penelitian Tanah. Bogor. 246 hal.
Das, R. and Saha, D. 2014. Effect of liming on the changes of different forms of potassium in an acid soil treated with N and K fertilizers. Journal of the Indian Chemical Society 91(9): 1619â€“1625.
Helyar, K.R. and Anderson, A.J. 1974. Effects of calcium carbonate on the availability of nutrients in an acid soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 38(2): 341-346.
Jasmin, J.J. and Heeney, H.B. 1961. The effect of lime on the status of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium in a few vegetables grown on acid peat soils. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 42: 445-451.
Khan. S.A., Khan, S.U., Qayyum, A., Gurmani, A.R., Khan, A., Khan, S.M., Ahmed, W, Mehmood, A. and Amin, B.A.Z. 2019. Integration of humic acid with nitrogen wields an auxiliary impact on physiological traits, growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) varieties. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17(3): 6783â€“6799.
Meda, A.R., Pavan, M.A., Cassiolato, M.E. and Miyazawa, M. 2020. Dolomite limeâ€™s reaction applied on the surface of a sandy soil of the Northwest ParanÃ¡, Brazil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 45(2): 219â€“222, doi : 10.1590/S1516-89132002000200014.
Nyberg, K.A., VinnerÃ¥s, B., Lewerin, S.S., Kjellberg, E. and Albihn, A. 2011. Treatment with Ca(OH)2 for Inactivation of Salmonella typhimurium and Enterococcus faecalis in soil contaminated with infected horse manure. Journal of Applied Microbiology 110(6): 1515â€“1523, doi : 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2011.05006.x.
Page, R.M., Gutsmiedl, A., Fukumori, A., Winkler, E., Haass, C. and Steiner, H. 2010. Î’-amyloid precursor protein mutants respond to Î“-secretase modulators. Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(23): 17798â€“17810, doi : 10.1074/jbc.M110.103283.
Paradelo, R., Virto, I. and Chenu, C. 2015. Net effect of liming on soil organic carbon stocks: a review. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 202: 98â€“107, doi : 10.1016/j.agee.2015.01.005.
Rastija, D., Zebec, V. and Rastija, M. 2014. Sensitivity of planetary boundary layer height to crop type and fertilization level in an anticyclonic weather. 13th Alps-Adria Scientific Workshop-Villach, Ossiacher See, Austria. 63: 267â€“270. doi : 10.12666/Novenyterm.63.2014.Suppl.
Shaaban, M., Peng, Q., Hu, R., Wu, Y., Lin, S. and Zhao, J. 2015. Dolomite application to acidic soils: a promising option for mitigating N2O emissions. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22(24): 19961â€“19970, doi : 10.1007/s11356-015-5238-4.
ViadÃ©, A., FernÃ¡ndez-Marcos, M.L., HernÃ¡ndez-Nistal, J. and Alvarez, E. 2011. Effect of particle size of limestone on Ca, Mg and K contents in soil and in sward plants. Scientia Agricola 68(2): 200â€“208. doi : 10.1590/s0103-90162011000200010
Wood, B.R.A. 1979. The Effect of Lime on Release and Plant Uptake of Nitrogen From Soils of The Natal Midlands. Proceedings of The South African Sugar Technologistsâ€™ Association, (June). 173â€“176.
Yulnafatmaawita, Adrinal, dan Daulay, A.F. 2008. Pengaruh pemberian beberapa jenis bahan organik terhadap stabilitas agregat tanah Ultisol Limau Manis. Jurnal Solum V(1): 7â€“13.
How to Cite
The copyright of the received article shall be assigned to the journal as the publisher of the journal. The intended copyright includes the right to publish the article in various forms (including reprints). The journal maintains the publishing rights to the published articles.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.