KARAKTERISTIK LAHAN UNTUK TANAMAN BAWANG PUTIH (Allium sativum L.) PADA INCEPTISOL DAN ALFISOL DI KECAMATAN PUJON, MALANG

Djodhi Indra Septiyan, S Soemarno

Abstract


The national production of garlic that is currently under fluctuations and could not fullfill demand for garlic that led Governments to perform the import. Land extensification for garlic in East Java, Pujon district, Malang is expected to be the solution to increase production. However, restricted by the limitations of the information of land characteristics that remains unclear, it takes effort to find out the land characteristics for garlic in the subdistrict of Pujon. Research was carried out for gathering information of land characteristic and to analyze relationships between land characteristics and garlic production. This study was carried out using survey method include groundcheck, minipit observation, soil sampling, and interviews to the farmers. Then, post survey analysis activities include laboratory analysis, soil classification, and statistical data analysis to test the correlation between land characteristics with garlic production. Results of the research showed that land of garlic in Pujon District has Inceptisols and Alfisols. The land characteristics in Pujon district has difference, among others, land elevation are 861–1.213 mdpl, slope of land are 3–36%, soil texture are “loam” to “clay “, soil aggregate are “very-stable”, soil pH ranging from very acid to semi acid, soil CEC are “moderate” to “very-high”, and the base saturation are “low” to “very-high”. The relationship between land characteristics to crop production, proved by correlation between variable such as elevation (r =-0.559), CEC (r =-0.515), base saturation (r = 0.561), % sand fraction (r = 0.541), and % clay fraction (r = -0.675). Other factors affecting garlic production are varieties of garlics and soil tillage, these correlation are not significant.


Keywords


alfisol; garlic production; inceptisol; land characteristic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abood, M.A., Jasim, A.A.,. Fahmi, A.H. and.Badawi, T.K. 2013. Quality effect of organic fertilizers on some soil properties, growth and yield of garlic (Allium Sativum L). International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 3(5): 25-32.

Adeyeye, A.S., Ishaku, M.A., Gadu, H.O., Olalekan, K.K. and Lamid, W.A. 2017. Comparative effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer treatments on the growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L). RRJBS, 6(2): 8-11.

Alam, M.A. Rahim, M., Kabir, A., Begum, H.H., Bilkis, S., Hossain, M. and Roy, R. 2017. Productvity of garlic grown under different tillage condition and standarization of production technology under dry and wet land conditons. Journal of Agricultural Engineering and Food Technology 4 (1): 6-9.

Aminiyan, M.M., Sinegani, A.A.S. and Sheklabadi, M. 2014. Aggregation stability and organic carbon fraction in a soil amended with some plant residues, nanozeolite, and natural zeolite. International Journal of Recycle Organic Waste and Agriculture 4 (2015):1-12.

Arief, F., Isrun, dan Zainuddin, R. 2018. Analisis beberapa status kimia tanah di lahan pertanian bawang merah (Allium ascolanicum L.) di Desa Maku. Jurnal Agroland 25 (1): 41-45.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2018. Tanaman Hortikultura Jawa Timur 2013-2017 dalam Angka. https://www.bps.go.id/subject/55/hortikultura.html, Diakses pada 20 Oktober 2018.

Balai Penelitian Tanah. 2009. Analisis Kimia Tanaman, Air, dan Pupuk. Bogor: Departemen Pertanian.

Bua,B., Owiny, R. and Ocwa., A. 2017. Response of onion to different organic amendments in Central Uganda. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology B 7: 79-85.

Cantwell, M., Voss, R., Hanson, B., May, D. and Rice, B. 2006. Water and Fertilizer Management for Garlic: Productivity, Nutrient and Water Use Efficiency, and Post harvest Quality. Report of a FREP Contact No. 97-0207.

Dhalimi, A. 2005. Pengaruh iklim mikro media tanam dan aerasi terhadap pertumbuhan setek cabang buah lada. Jurnal Agromet 19 (2), 35-42.

Diriba-Shiferaw, G. 2016. Review of management strategies of constraints in garlic (Allium sativum L.) production. The Journal of Agricultural Sciences 11(3): 186-207.

Dorner,J., Sandoval, P. and Dec, D. 2010. The role of soil structure on the pore functionality of an ultisol. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 10(4): 495-508.

Haghi, D.Z., Shahabi, M. and Rezaei, H. 2015. Response of soil physical properties and onion seed germination to irrigation methods. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 6(6): 194-202.

Hanson, B.R., May, D., Voss, R., Cantwell, M. and Rice, R. 2002. Garlic in clay loam soil thrives on little irrigation. Journal of California Agriculutre 56 (4): 128-132.

Istina, I.N. 2016. Peningkatan produksi bawang merah melalui teknik pemupukan NPK. Jurnal Agro 3 (1): 36-42.

Kane,C.D., R.L.Jasoni, E.P.Peffley, L.D.Thompson, C.J.Green, P.Pare and D.Tissue. 2006. Nutrient Solution and Solution pH Influences on Onion Growth and Mineral Content. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 29(2): 375-390.

Li, J., Wee, C. and Sohn, B. 2011. Effect of funtionally-strengthened fertilizers on garlic growth and soil properties. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilty 44 (2): 308-315.

Minasny, B. and Mcbratney, A.B. 2018. Limited effect of organic matter on soil available water capacity. European Journal of Soil Science 69: 39–47.

Misfahak, Z.S. 2014. Pertumbuhan tanaman bawang putih (Allium sativum L.) dengan pemberian air kelapa (Cocos nucifera L.) sebagai sumber belajar biologi SMA Kelas XII. JUPEMASI-PBIO 1 (1), 16-21.

Munir, M. 1996. Tanah-Tanah Utama Indonesia. Malang: PT. Dunia Pustaka Jaya.

Nita, C.E., Siswanto, B. dan Utomo, W.H. 2015. Pengaruh pengolahan tanah dan pemberian bahan organik (blotong dan abu ketel) terhadap porositas tanah dan pertumbuhan tanaman tebu pada ultisol. Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan 2(1): 119-127.

Ojeniyi, S.O., Amusan, O.A. and Adekiya, A.O. 2013. Effect of poultry manure on soil physical properties, nutrient uptake and yield of cocoyam (Xanthosoma saggitifolium) in Southwest Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultual & Environmental Sciences 13(1): 121-125.

Özgöz, E., Günal, H., Önen, H., Bayram, M. and Acir, N. 2012. Effect of management on spatial and temporal distribution of soil physical properties. Journal of Agricultural Science 18 (1): 77-91.

Purnawanto, A.M. dan. Budi, G.P. 2008. Kajian pengembangan bawang merah pada lahan berkadar liat tinggi (vertisol) dengan penambahan pupuk organik. Jurnal Agritech X(2): 108-120.

Rachman, L.M., Latifa, N. dan Nurida, N.L. 2015. Efek sistem pengolahan tanah terhadap bahan organik tanah, sifat fisik tanah, dan produksi jagung pada tanah podsolik merah kuning di Kabupaten Lampung Timur. Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2015. Palembang.

Ramadhan, A.F.N. dan Titin, S. 2018. Respon tanaman bawang merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) terhadap pupuk kandang dan pupuk anorganik (NPK). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman 6 (5): 815-822.

Samijan, T.R. Prastuti, dan Pramono, J. 2011. Intensifikasi Budidaya Bawang Putih. Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian: Jawa Tengah.

Siswanto, B., Santoso, B., Handayanto, E. dan Widianto. 1984. Tanah dan Keadaan Tanah di DAS Kali Konto Hulu, Jawa Timur. Malang: Soil Science Departement Universitas Brawijaya.

Soil Survey Staff. 2014. Kunci Taksonomi Tanah. Edisi Ketiga, 2015. Bogor: Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Sudaryono. 2009. Tingkat kesuburan tanah ultisols pada lahan pertambangan batubara Sangatta, Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan 10(3): 337-346.

Sutardi. 2017. Kajian minus one test dan kesuburan lahan pasir untuk budidaya tanaman bawang merah. Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian 20(1): 25-34.

Wahyudi, A., Zulqarnida, M. dan Widodo, S. 2014. Aplikasi Pupuk Organik dan Anorganik dalm Budidaya Bawang Putih Varietas Lumbu Hijau. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian 2014, Lampung.

Wisardja, I.P., Lana, W. Dan Rusdianta, I.G.M. 2017. Pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman bawang putih (Allium Sativum L.) varietas Lumbu Putih akibat penggunaan dosis pupuk organik dan kerapatan tanaman. Majalah Ilmiah Untab 14(2): 209-215.

Yohannes, K. W., Belew, D. and Debela, A. 2013. Effect of farmyard manure and nitrogen application rates on growth, yield and yield components of onion. Asian Journal of Plant Science 12 (6-8): 228-34.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jtsl.2019.006.2.20

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.