ANALISIS KORELASI KARAKTERISTIK TANAH (P TERSEDIA, BAKTERI PELARUT FOSFAT, C ORGANIK, DAN KAPASITAS TUKAR KATION) TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS JAGUNG DI KECAMATAN CIBUGEL, KABUPATEN SUMEDANG

Authors

  • Thausy Julia Putri Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Marenda Ishak Sonjaya Sule Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Betty Natalie Fitriatin Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Padjadjaran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jtsl.2024.011.1.9

Keywords:

carbon organic, maize, phosphate solubilizer, yield potential

Abstract

Maize is the main strategic food crop in Indonesia's food supply, but the productivity of maize in Indonesia is still low. Increasing the productivity of maize can be done by understanding information about the characteristics of the soil on maize planting areas. The research aimed to evaluate the relationship of soil biological and chemical characteristics (available P, phosphate solubilizing bacterial population, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal population, organic C, and cation exchange capacity) on maize plant productivity. The research was carried out in Cibugel District, Sumedang Regency. The research used descriptive survey and comparative methods on 18 soil samples. The maize planting area was obtained based on analysis and overlapping of land units in the form of; slope, elevation, climate and shelled maize production area. Maize planting land is at an altitude of 500-1,000 meters above sea level and with a slope of 10-30%. The results of correlation analysis showed that organic C, cation exchange capacity, and phosphate solubilizing bacteria had a positive correlation with maize productivity, while available P and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi had a negative correlation. organic C had the highest close relationship with a value of r = 0.43, while the other parameters have a weak relationship.

References

Alori, E.T., Glick, B R and Babalola, O.O. 201). Microbial phosphorus solubilization and its potential for use in sustainable agriculture. Frontiers in Microbiology 8(June):1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.00971

Aprile, F. and Lorandi, R. 2012. Evaluation of cation exchange capacity (CEC) in tropical soils using four different analytical methods. Journal of Agricultural Science 4(6). https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v4n6p278

Azrai, M., Syafruddin, Efendi, R., Aqil, M., Zainuddi, B., Arvan, R.Y., Pakki, S., Mirzam, H., Wijanarko, A., Anggara, A.W., Kasno, A. dan Syahbuddin, H. 2020. Teknologi Budidaya Jagung pada Berbagai Ekosistem. CV. Cakrawala Yogyakarta.

BPS. 2021. Analisis Produktivitas Jagung dan Kedelai di Indonesia 2020 (Hasil Survei Ubinan). BPS-Statistics Indonesia: vol. 05100.2103 (Issue 5203029).

Budiastuti, M.T.S., Purnomo, D., Pujiasmanto, B. and Setyaningrum, D. 2023. Response of maize yield and nutrient uptake to indigenous organic fertilizer from maize cobs. Agriculture (Switzerland) 13(2):1-11. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13020309

Chen, X., Liu, P., Zhao, B., Zhang, J., Ren, B., Li, Z. and Wang, Z. 2022. Root physiological adaptations that enhance the grain yield and nutrient use efficiency of maize (Zea mays L) and their dependency on phosphorus placement depth. Field Crops Research,276(November 2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2021.108378

Fitriatin, B.N., Fauziah, D.A., Hindersah, R. and Simarmata, T. 2022. The influence of different acidic conditions on the plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria activity of phosphate solubilizing bacteria. KnE Life Sciences 2022(5):72-78. https://doi.org/10.18502/kls.v7i3.11108

Ginting, I.F., Yusnaini, S., Dermiyati, D. dan Rini, M.V. 2018. Pengaruh inokulasi fungi mikoriza arbuskular dan penambahan bahan organik pada tanah pasca penambangan galian C terhadap pertumbuhan dan serapan hara p tanaman jagung (Zea mays L.). Jurnal Agrotek Tropika 6(2):110-118. https://doi.org/10.23960/jat.v6i2.2603

Hilty, J., Muller, B., Pantin, F. and Leuzinger, S. 2021. Plant growth: the What, the How, and the Why. New Phytologist 232(1):25-41. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17610

Idowu, O.J., Sultana, S., Darapuneni, M., Beck, L. and Steiner, R. 2019. Short-term conservation tillage effects on maize silage yield and soil quality in an irrigated, arid agroecosystem. Agronomy 9(8):1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9080455

Kalayu, G. 2019. Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms: Promising approach as biofertilizers. International Journal of Agronomy 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4917256

Kamsurya, M.Y. dan Botanri, S. 2022. Peran bahan organik dalam mempertahankan dan perbaikan kesuburan tanah pertanian; review. Jurnal Agrohut 13(1):25-34. https://doi.org/10.51135/agh.v13i1.121

Kaur, G. and Reddy, M.S. 2015. Effects of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria, rock phosphate and chemical fertilizers on maize-wheat cropping cycle and economics. Pedosphere 25(3):428-437. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(15)30010-2

Liu, X., Feng, Z., Zhao, Z., Zhu, H. and Yao, Q. 2020. Acidic soil inhibits the functionality of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi by reducing arbuscule formation in tomato roots. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 66(2):275-284. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2020.1721320

Lovitna, G., Nuraini, Y. dan Istiqomah, N. 2021. Pengaruh aplikasi bakteri pelarut fosfat dan pupuk anorganik fosfat terhadap populasi bakteri pelarut fosfat, P-tersedia, dan hasil tanaman jagung pada Alfisol. Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan 8(2):437-449. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jtsl.2021.008.2.15

Pereira, N.C.M., Galindo, F.S., Gazola, R.P.D., Dupas, E., Rosa, P., Mortinho, E. and Filho, M.C.M.T. 2020. Maize yield and phosphorus use efficiency response to phosphorus rates associated with plant growth promoting bacteria. Frontiers in Environmental Science 8(April):1-12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2020.00040

Polcyn, W., Paluch-Lubawa, E., Lehmann, T. and Mikuła, R. 2019. Arbuscular mycorrhiza in highly fertilized maize cultures alleviates short-term drought effects but does not improve fodder yield and quality. Frontiers in Plant Science 10(April):1-16. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00496

Roohi, M., Saleem Arif, M., Guillaume, T., Yasmeen, T., Riaz, M., Shakoor, A., Hassan Farooq, T., Muhammad Shahzad, S. and Bragazza, L. 2022. Role of fertilization regime on soil carbon sequestration and crop yield in a maize-cowpea intercropping system on low fertility soils. Geoderma 428(December 2021):116152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.116152

Solly, E.F., Weber, V., Zimmermann, S., Walthert, L., Hagedorn, F. and Schmidt, M.W.I. 2020. A critical evaluation of the relationship between the effective cation exchange capacity and soil organic carbon content in Swiss forest soils. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 3(September):1-12. https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2020.00098

Sonia, A.V. dan Setiawati, T.C. 2022. Aktivitas bakteri pelarut fosfat terhadap peningkatan ketersediaan fosfat pada tanah masam. Agrovigor: Jurnal Agroekoteknologi 15(1):44-53. https://doi.org/10.21107/agrovigor.v15i1.13449

Stoffel, S.C.G., Soares, C.R.F.S., Meyer, E., Lovato, P.E. and Giachini, A.J. 2020. Yield increase of maize inoculated with a commercial arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculant in Brazil. Ciencia Rural 50(7):1-10. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20200109

Wahyudin, A., Fitriatin, B.N., Wicaksono, F.Y., Ruminta, R. dan Aristiyo, M. 2017. Respons tanaman jagung (Zea mays L.) akibat pemberian pupuk fosfat dan waktu aplikasi pupuk hayati mikroba pelarut fosfat pada Ultisols Jatinangor. Kultivasi 16(1):246-254. https://doi.org/10.24198/kultivasi.v16i1.11559

Wahyunto, Hikmatullah, Suryani, E., Tafakresnanto, C., Ritung, S., Mulyani, A., Sukarman, Nugroho, K., Sulaeman, Y., Apriyana, Y., Suciantini, S., Pramudia, A., Suparto, Subandiono, R.E., Sutriadi, T. dan Nursyamsi, D. 2016. Petunjuk Teknis Pedoman Penilaian Kesesuaian Lahan untuk Komoditas Pertanian Strategis Tingkat Semi Detail Skala 1:50.000. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Bogor.

Wen, Z., Li, H., Shen, J. and Rengel, Z. 2017. Maize responds to low shoot P concentration by altering root morphology rather than increasing root exudation. Plant and Soil 416(1-2):377-389. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-017-3214-0

Yang, F., Tian, J., Meersmans, J., Fang, H., Yang, H., Lou, Y., Li, Z., Liu, K., Zhou, Y., Blagodatskaya, E. and Kuzyakov, Y. 2018. Functional soil organic matter fractions in response to long-term fertilisation in upland and paddy systems in South China. Catena 162:270-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2017.11.004

Downloads

Published

01-01-2024

How to Cite

Putri, T. J., Sule, M., & Fitriatin, B. (2024). ANALISIS KORELASI KARAKTERISTIK TANAH (P TERSEDIA, BAKTERI PELARUT FOSFAT, C ORGANIK, DAN KAPASITAS TUKAR KATION) TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS JAGUNG DI KECAMATAN CIBUGEL, KABUPATEN SUMEDANG. Jurnal Tanah Dan Sumberdaya Lahan, 11(1), 81–86. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jtsl.2024.011.1.9

Issue

Section

Articles